what is Bregma ? definition

Bregma The bregma is the anatomical point on the skull at which the coronal suture and sagittal sutures meet perpendicularly, comes from the Greek bregma which mean meaning top of the head. it’s the midline bony landmark between the frontal and two parietal bones, The bregma is changes with age.

what is Fontanelles ?

Fontanelles A fontanelle (or fontanel) is an unossified gap of the cranial bone of the infant, The word fontanel areses from the French word fontaine which mean fountain. fontanelle is the soft membranous gaps of the infant skull, fontanelles are harden over time and become closed. There are six funtalls are in the body. Anterior

Cubital tunnel syndrome, and Causes

Cubital tunnel syndrome Cubital tunnel syndrome is compression or entrapment neuropathy of ulnar nerve behind the medial epicondyle in the cubital tunnel, ulnar nerve also known as the funny bone nerve. Causes of Cubital tunnel syndrome Most cases arise causes of this ulnar nerve compression at the elbow are. Direct pressure (increased pressure) on the ulnar

what is Klumpke’s palsy? definition, Root involving

Klumpke’s palsy Klumpke’s palsy is an injury to the lower part of the brachial plexus that affects the lower portion of the brachial plexus nerves of newborn babies Klumpke’s palsy is caused by the direct injury to the upper part of shoulder under separation of the unilateral of the thorax. The most commonly root involving

what is Erb’s palsy ? definition, Root involving, and deformity

Erb’s palsy Erb’s palsy is first described by Wilhelm Erb, this condition is an injury (paralysis) to the upper part of brachial plexus (or pressure over the Erb’s point). Erb’s palsy is caused by the direct injury to the neck and shoulder from birth as seen as birth injury. The most commonly root involving in

what is Brachial Plexus, definition

Brachial Plexus The brachial plexus is a bunch of nerves that come from the spinal cord, and formed by the anterior rami of the lower four cervical nerves (C5, C6, C7, and C8) and first thoracic nerve (T1). The brachial plexus begins at the neck and extending into the upper chest to the armpit. The

Wrist joint, Formation, moment of the wrist joint

wrist joint Wrist is the area in between the forearm and the hand. the structures of the wrist joint are made up of many different bones, which causes wide range of movements. The wrist joint is a complex joint situated between the hand to the forearm, The following are the main articulating bones of the

Cubital fossa, contents of the cubital fossa

Cubital fossa The cubital fossa (or antecubital fossa) lies anteriorly to the elbow. Anatomically it is an important triangular area on the anterior view of the human elbow; it is a triangular depression in between the arm and the forearm. The major contents of the cubital fossa, from lateral to medial are: M: median nerve

What is Achalasia? definition , Symptoms, Test for achalasia

Achalasia Achalasia is a motility disorder that affects your esophagus. In simple language we can says achalasia mince is loss of relaxations (or failure to relax) involving the lower esophagus and the lower esophageal sphincter (LES). There is no peristalsis in lower esophagus (or distal 2/3 part of esophagus), in achalasia the lower esophageal sphincter

Hypothenar muscles, intrinsic muscles of the hand

Hypothenar muscles The Hypothenar muscles is  the group of four intrinsic muscles of the hand are produce the hypothenar eminence, The Hypothenar muscles are located at the ulnar side (or medial side)of the palm within the hand supplied by the ulnar nerve (C8-Th1). Hypothenar muscles are as follow: Abductor Digiti Minimi Opponens Digiti Minimi Flexor